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the Government Afghanistan

1893i
Amir Abd al-Rahman 1880-1901
Afghanistan

Line-Durand
The Durand Line divides BritishIndia & the Afghan kingdom

1919i
Shah Aman Allah 1919-1929
Afghanistan

Treaty-Friendship
Afghanistan signs a treaty of Friendship with Bolshevik Russia

1919i
Shah Aman Allah 1919-1929
Afghanistan

Treaty-Friendship
The 1st nation to recognize SovietRussia

1946 February
Minister-Defense Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1946-1953
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Daud Khan
Appointed Minister of Defense

1953i
Prime Minister-Afghanistan Daud Khan 1953-1963
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Khan
Appointed Prime Minister of Afghanistan, 1st term

1953i
Prime Minister-Afghanistan Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1953-1963
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Daud Khan
Appointed Prime Minister of Afghanistan

1963i
Prime Minister-Afghanistan Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1953-1963
AfghanistanKabul

Dismissal-Daud Khan-Afghanistan-Afghanist-
Dismissed by his cousin & brother in law the King ZahirShah

1963i
Shah Head of State-Afghanistan Mohammad Zahir Shah 1963-1973
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Shah
Appointed Head of State for Afghanistan

1964i
Prime Minister-Afghanistan Daud Khan
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Khan
Appointed Prime Minister of Afghanistan, 2nd term

1972i
Shah Head of State-Afghanistan Mohammad Zahir Shah 1963-1973
AfghanistanKabul

Famine
Incompetent rule leads to a famine of over 100,000 people

1973i
President-Afghanistan Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Khan
Appointed President of Afghanistan

1973i
President-Afghanistan Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Ban-PDPA
Bans the pro-Russian PDPA

1973i
President-Afghanistan Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Diplomacy
Receives aid from Iran

1973i
President-Afghanistan Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Daud Khan
Appointed President of Afghanistan

1973i
President-Afghanistan Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Constitution
Establishes a republic

1973 27th July
Shah Head of State-Afghanistan Mohammad Zahir Shah 1963-1973
AfghanistanKabul

Coup d’Etat
Overthrown by his cousin Daud

1974 17th July
Shah Head of State-Afghanistan Mohammad Zahir Shah 1963-1973
Afghanistan

Coup d’Etat
King Mohammad ZahirShah flees

1978 27th April
President-Afghanistan Daud Khan
AfghanistanKabul

Death-Daud
Death of Daud Khan, the PDPA stages a coup during which Daud is killed

1978i
President-Afghanistan Hafizullah Amin 1978-1979
AfghanistanKabul

Treaty-Afghanistan-USSR
A treaty of friendship is signed with the USSR

1978 5th December
President-Afghanistan Nur Taraki 1978-1979
AfghanistanKabul

Alliance
Signs a 20 year “peace & friendship” pact with the Russians

1978 27th April
President-Afghanistan Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Assassination-Daud Khan
The PDPA stage a coup during which Daoud is killed defending his palace in Kabul

1978 27th April
President-Afghanistan Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Coup d’Etat
Overthrown & assassinated during a left-led military coup

1978 27th April
President-Afghanistan Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Death-Daud Khan
Death of Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan, assassinated during a left-led military coup

1978i
President-Afghanistan Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan 1973-1978
AfghanistanKabul

Demonstration-Kabul
The PDPA lead demonstrations in Kabul & Daoud arrests the leading leftist

1978i
Prime Minister-Afghanistan Hafizullah Amin 1978-1979
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Amin
Appointed Prime Minister of Afghanistan

1979 28th December
President-Afghanistan Babrak Karmal 1979-1986
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Karmal
Appointed President of Afghanistan by the Russians

1979 27th December
President-Afghanistan Hafizullah Amin 1978-1980
AfghanistanKabul

Death-Amin
Death of Hafizullah Amin, executed

1979 27th December
President-Afghanistan Hafizullah Amin 1978-1980
AfghanistanKabul

Execution-Amin
Executed during the Russian invasion of Afghanistan

1979 26th December
President-Afghanistan Hafizullah Amin 1978-1980
AfghanistanKabul

Kidnap-Amin
The Russians make a failed attempt to kidnap President Amin

1980 27th December
President-Afghanistan Hafizullah Amin 1978-1979
AfghanistanKabul

Trial-Amin
A “revolutionary tribunal” convicts President Amin of treason & orders his execution

1986 4th May
President-Afghanistan Babrak Karmal 1979-1986
AfghanistanKabul

Coup d’Etat
Detained in Russia for “medical treatment” & overthrown

1986 4th May
President-Afghanistan Mohammed Najibullah
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Najibullah
Appointed President of Afghanistan by the Russians

1986 4th May
President-Afghanistan Mohammed Najibullah
AfghanistanKabul

Coup d’Etat
Appointed President of Afghanistan by the Russians

2001i
Prime Minister-Afghanistan Hamid Karzai 2001-
AfghanistanKabul

Appointment-Karzai
Appointed Prime Minister of Afghanistan, heads an interim government

2001 9th September
Shah Massoud
Afghanistan

Assassination-Massoud
Assassination of ShahMassoud by Arab suicide bombers

2001 9th September
Shah Massoud
Afghanistan

Death-Massoud
Death of Massoud, assassinated by Arab suicide bombers

2003 28th January
Minister-Interior Ali Ahmad Jalali 2003-
Afghanistan

Appointment-Jalali
Appointed Minister of the Interior

2004 4th January
President-Afghanistan Hamid Karzai
Afghanistan

Constitution
A presidential system and a national assembly, and equal rights to women

2004 4th January
President-Afghanistan Hamid Karzai
Afghanistan

Constitution
Signs the new constitution

2004 4th January
President-Afghanistan Hamid Karzai
Afghanistan

Constitution
The country is renamed, the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

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